Unlike the doctrines of Aristotle and Plato, Bacon's approach placed an emphasis on experimentation and interaction, culminating in "the commerce of the mind with things.
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He believed that when approached this way, science could become a tool for the betterment of humankind. Biographer Loren Eisley described Bacon's compelling desire to invent a new scientific method, stating that Bacon, "more fully than any man of his time, entertained the idea of the universe as a problem to be solved, examined, meditated upon, rather than as an eternally fixed stage upon which man walked.
Prose Style of Francis Bacon:
During his young adulthood, Bacon attempted to share his ideas with his uncle, Lord Burghley, and later with Queen Elizabeth in his Letter of Advice. The two did not prove to be a receptive audience to Bacon's evolving philosophy of science. It was not until , when Bacon published Book One of Novum Organum Scientiarum novum organum is Latin for "new method" , that Bacon established himself as a reputable philosopher of science. According to Bacon in Novum Organum , the scientific method should begin with the "Tables of Investigation.
'Of Studies' by Francis Bacon
Next, the "Table of Comparison" allows the observer to compare and contrast the severity or degree of the event. After completing these steps, the scientific observer is required to perform a short survey that will help identify the possible cause of the occurrence. Unlike a typical hypothesis, however, Bacon did not emphasize the importance of testing one's theory. Instead, he believed that observation and analysis were sufficient in producing a greater comprehension, or "ladder of axioms," that creative minds could use to reach still further understanding.
During his career as counsel and statesman, Bacon often wrote for the court.
In , to celebrate the anniversary of the queen's coronation, he wrote an entertaining speech in praise of knowledge. The year marked Bacon's first publication, a collection of essays about politics. The collection was later expanded and republished in and In , Bacon published The Advancement of Learning in an unsuccessful attempt to rally supporters for the sciences. In , he departed from political and scientific genres when he released On the Wisdom of the Ancients , his analysis of ancient mythology.
In , he published De Augmentis Scientarium , a continuation of his view on scientific reform. In , his works The New Atlantis and Apothegms were published. Sylva Sylvarium, which was published in , was among the last of his written works. Although Bacon's body of work covered a fairly broad range of topics, all of his writing shared one thing in common: It expressed Bacon's desire to change antiquated systems. In March , Bacon was performing a series of experiments with ice.
While testing the effects of cold on the preservation and decay of meat, he stuffed a hen with snow near Highgate, England, and caught a chill. Ailing, Bacon stayed at Lord Arundel's home in London. The guest room where Bacon resided was cold and musty. He soon developed bronchitis.
Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books, else distilled books are like common distilled waters, flashy things. Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man. And therefore, if a man write little, he had need have a great memory; if he confer little, he had need have a present wit: and if he read little, he had need have much cunning, to seem to know that he doth not.
Histories make men wise; poets witty; the mathematics subtle; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend.source url
Essays (Francis Bacon) - Wikipedia
Abeunt studia in mores [Studies pass into and influence manners]. Nay, there is no stone or impediment in the wit but may be wrought out by fit studies; like as diseases of the body may have appropriate exercises. Bowling is good for the stone and reins; shooting for the lungs and breast; gentle walking for the stomach; riding for the head; and the like. If his wit be not apt to distinguish or find differences, let him study the Schoolmen; for they are cymini sectores [splitters of hairs].
So every defect of the mind may have a special receipt. Below, for the sake of comparison, is the version from the first edition To spend too much time in them is sloth; to use them too much for ornament is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules is the humor of a scholar; they perfect nature, and are themselves perfected by experience; crafty men contemn them, wise men use them, simple men admire them; for they teach not their use, but that there is a wisdom without them and above them won by observation.
Read not to contradict nor to believe, but to weigh and consider.
Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested: that is, some are to be read only in parts, others to be read but curiously, and some few to be read wholly with diligence and attention. However, their compelling and insightful quality still appears fresh and appealing to modern day readers. Francis Bacon, Lord Verulam, the 1st Viscount St Albans, was a distinguished genius whose wide-ranging interests covered philosophy, literature, science, politics, economics, civics, administration and art. He was also a gifted speaker, writer and musician.
His career extended into the reign of the next monarch James I.
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He is also credited with having introduced the scientific method of testing a hypothesis. This is reflected in these essays.