writing quantitative research paper

Acknowledgement for phd thesis example india. Cara membuat curriculum vitae dengan benar. Ford foundation dissertation fellowship sample essays.

I had to analyse and interpret it, then find a way to display my findings. I am still extremely proud of the maps I made with overlays to show the range shoppers were willing to travel for each commercial area. Also, you think 4, words is a lot before you write an EE, until you find yourself a week before the deadline trying to cut down your essay from 8, Finally handing in the essay to my advisor was bittersweet; I was happy for it to be done, but I also obsessed for weeks over what I could have done differently.

Especially since I drove my poor advisor crazy leaving a lot until the last minute, my signature move. By no means was my research design and execution flawless, especially compared to what I did and learned at university. However, it was an invaluable experience that prepared me for my undergraduate degree, so much so that while classmates were panicking about how to write their dissertation, I already had a fairly good idea of what to do because of my IB experience. So what did I actually get from doing the Extended Essay? First, I learned how to independently own and manage a project from beginning to end.

Second, I led a team of young people with a shared goal. This deserves a blog post all on its own, and was probably the most useful thing I learned at school for when I went to university! Upon reflection, I now also realise that this was my first foray into consumer behaviour research, which makes me sound very business-like. These lessons and experiences, combined with the success of my essay, gave me the confidence to aim higher and paved the way for more achievements, both at university and in the workplace. Dani is an IB graduate class of !

She now spends her free time reading far too many books and watching Netflix. Sign up to our monthly newsletter to keep up to date with all the latest Pamoja news. You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. Choice of topic The essay topic may relate to an area of the Diploma Programme geography course, but this is not a requirement. Students can also explore other areas of the wider subject, such as how global issues can be examined through the lens of geography. Students must ensure their choice of topic is focused left-hand column rather than broad right-hand column.

Students should establish the geographic and theoretical context for their research question early in the essay. Research methods Methodology Students are not required to undertake primary research, but it is rare for an essay that is based entirely on the reading of published texts to score highly.

Many successful research topics are based on published data such as census or weather records. Investigations carried out at a local scale also usually achieve highly: they demonstrate connections between the subject and local manifestations and instances their narrow focus discourages an over-reliance on published materials and encourages original research students become more involved when investigating in a familiar, accessible location. Students should focus on individual research and avoid approaches involving group fieldwork data collection.

They must not view the EE as simply an extended piece of fieldwork. Information on the methodology of the investigation is essential.

If students collect their own data, it must be of high quality. It is vital that the investigation is tailored closely to the research question and shows evidence of careful planning. Students will be assessed for their skills of analysis rather than techniques of data collection and processing.

Test 1: Is it Contemporary?

For the EE, the emphasis should be on: written analysis interpretation discussion critical evaluation the development of a coherent, reasoned argument. Students should analyse their data using appropriate quantitative, statistical, graphical or qualitative techniques and the findings should be critically evaluated. Examples of topics, research questions and suggested approaches Once students have identified their topic and written their research question, they can decide how to research their answer.

They may find it helpful to write a statement outlining their broad approach. These examples are for guidance only. Students must acknowledge the sources for each. Maps Good essays usually have maps in the introduction to place the investigation in a clear spatial context. All maps should give an indication of orientation and scale, and include a legend or key. Students should clearly reference all maps used and give the source of any base maps they have not constructed themselves.

However, students are encouraged to modify or adapt such images. Students are encouraged to include: sketch maps labelled or annotated diagrams maps they have constructed. If students draw maps using computer software, they should state the proprietary program used. Hand-drawn maps should be neat and clear, and employ standard map conventions. Images or photographs Images or photographs should only be used if they are essential illustrative components of the essay, ie not just decoration. Students should explain the feature s an image or photograph is intended to illustrate.

Each should be: oriented sourced labelled, annotated or captioned. Colour is frequently used in geographic illustrative materials, so it is important that an original colour version of the essay is submitted. Students must ensure that they understand the differences between the two.


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Supervisors play an important role in guiding students on these distinctions. Students risk their diploma if academic misconduct is detected. This should include the area of the research, the purpose, and the focus of the essay in order to clearly establish the context of the research question. It is usually appropriate to include the general locational background as well as appropriate geographic theory or concept required to understand how the research question has been established. Above all there should be a clear spatial component. The explanation of this topic might revolve around location on major thoroughfares and access to a market.

The research question is best stated in the form of an actual question.

Extended Essay

The research question should be identified clearly and set out prominently at the start of the essay and on the title page. The student needs to demonstrate within the essay that their research methodology has been well planned. It is expected that students show that they have researched the topic and selected an appropriate geographic approach to address the research question.

This applies both to literature research and to practical data collection. Primary or secondary data collection is acceptable. The very best essays are likely to have a mixture of both.

IBDP1 Extended Essay Café- 23 - 24 April » Tema International School

Extended Essay in Geography. What is the Extended Essay? The extended essay is compulsory for all students taking the Diploma Programme and is an option for course students. A student must achieve a D grade or higher to be awarded the Diploma. The extended essay is externally assessed and, in combination with the grade for theory of knowledge, contributes up to three points to the total score for the IB Diploma.

The extended essay process helps prepare students for success at university and in other pathways beyond the Diploma Programme. The extended essay is a piece of independent research on a topic chosen by the student in consultation with a supervisor in the school. It is presented as a formal piece of sustained academic writing containing no more than 4, words accompanied by a reflection form of no more than words. It is the result of approximately 40 hours of work by the student. Students are supported by a supervision process recommended to be 3—5 hours, which includes three mandatory reflection sessions.

The third and final mandatory reflection session is the viva voce, which is a concluding interview with the supervising teacher. An EE in geography gives the student an opportunity to apply a range of geographic skills to complete an independent and in-depth research investigation using geographic concepts, methodologies, theories and sources with a clear spatial emphasis Choice of topic The essay topic may relate to an area of the Diploma Programme geography course, but this is not a requirement. Students can also explore other areas of the wider subject, such as how global issues can be examined through the lens of geography.

Students should establish the geographic and theoretical context for their research question early in the essay. Research methods Methodology Students are not required to undertake primary research, but it is rare for an essay that is based entirely on the reading of published texts to score highly. Many successful research topics are based on published data such as census or weather records. Investigations carried out at a local scale also usually achieve highly : they demonstrate connections between the subject and local manifestations and instances their narrow focus discourages an over-reliance on published materials and encourages original research students become more involved when investigating in a familiar, accessible location.

Students should focus on individual research and avoid approaches involving group fieldwork data collection. They must not view the EE as simply an extended piece of fieldwork. Information on the methodology of the investigation is essential. If students collect their own data, it must be of high quality. It is vital that the investigation is tailored closely to the research question and shows evidence of careful planning. Students will be assessed for their skills of analysis rather than techniques of data collection and processing. For the EE, the emphasis should be on: written analysis interpretation discussion critical evaluation the development of a coherent, reasoned argument.

Students should analyse their data using appropriate quantitative, statistical, graphical or qualitative techniques and the findings should be critically evaluated. They may find it helpful to write a statement outlining their broad approach.

EXTENDED ESSAY

Illustrations and maps. It is essential that a geography EE be supported by appropriate illustrative graphical material, such as diagrams, maps, tables, images and graphs. Students must acknowledge the sources for each. Maps Good essays usually have maps in the introduction to place the investigation in a clear spatial context. All maps should give an indication of orientation and scale, and include a legend or key. Students should clearly reference all maps used and give the source of any base maps they have not constructed themselves.

However, students are encouraged to modify or adapt such images. Students are encouraged to include: sketch maps labelled or annotated diagrams maps they have constructed. If students draw maps using computer software, they should state the proprietary program used. Hand-drawn maps should be neat and clear, and employ standard map conventions. Images or photographs Images or photographs should only be used if they are essential illustrative components of the essay, ie not just decoration.

Students should explain the feature s an image or photograph is intended to illustrate. Each should be: oriented sourced labelled, annotated or captioned. Colour is frequently used in geographic illustrative materials, so it is important that an original colour version of the essay is submitted.

This should include the area of the research, the purpose, and the focus of the essay in order to clearly establish the context of the research question. It is usually appropriate to include the general locational background as well as appropriate geographic theory or concept required to understand how the research question has been established.

Above all there should be a clear spatial component.