writing quantitative research paper

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You might end up using a chronological arrangement or a spatial arrangement, but as a general rule, you will go from general ideas to specific ones. Chronological arrangements generally only work if you have a topic that has some chronological history to it. For example, if you were researching the history of modern medicine, it would make sense that your paper and outline follow a chronological order. If your research topic does not have a history, though, you will probably end up using a spatial structure.

For instance, if you are researching the effects of television and video games on the adolescent brain, you probably would not follow the chronology of the research.


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Instead, you might describe the different contemporary schools of thought on the issue or otherwise follow some other spatial arrangement of ideas. Establish your major headings. Your first and last headings will be your "Introduction" and "Conclusions" sections, respectively. The other major headings will be represented by the main or major categories of your paper.

In these instances, you can usually skip these two sections altogether, but you will need to write your thesis statement separately and above the outline. Know what to include in your Introduction.

Get tips on developing and outlining your topic.

Your "Introduction" heading will need to include your thesis, at minimum. You might also want to briefly list your main points and your hook. Note that these elements will usually be listed as subpoints, not as major headings.

A research paper outline: step-by-step guide

The major heading for the section will be "Introduction. Understand what the body of your outline will consist of. Each main heading within the body portion of your outline will be labeled by a short phrase or sentence addressing a main category of your research paper. As with the actual paper itself, this portion of your outline will hold all the significant content.

The Various Types Of Research Paper Outlines That You Can Use

Arrange the Conclusions section. This section will not contain much information, but you still need to provide at least two subpoints under the main heading. Restate and rephrase your thesis. If you drew any additional conclusions based on your research, list them here. This will usually be your final point within the outline. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Tips Understanding the value of a good outline can help motivate you into perfecting yours.

A good outline shows you what to address next in your paper, thereby limiting writer's block. Outlines help maintain a coherent, orderly flow of ideas.

Creating an outline for a research paper

You can use an outline to check yourself as you write if you suspect that you are straying from the main topic. Having a visual outline can help encourage you as you write your paper since you can tell how much you have left. Outlines help you organize different ideas about the same topic and gain an understanding of how those ideas connect. Related wikiHows. Yes No. Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. About This Article. Co-authors: Updated: July 5, Planning is a crucial step in producing a top quality paper that will be graded highly by your teacher or professor.

The reason for this is that the plan can act as a point of reference for you while you are actually writing your work. As such, if you find yourself in a bit of trouble, you can easily refer back to your plan and see what you are supposed to write. Another big advantage of having a plan is the fact that you do not need to keep all your ideas memorized in your head.

A lot of the time, students have brilliant ideas in mind, but when it comes time to writing their essay, they have long forgotten about their idea. With a plan, you no longer need to deal with this large problem that is faced by many students, as you have it all written down.

Research Paper Outline Examples

An outline is thus important, since an outline allows you to better plan your paper. The best way to do this is to create separate sections, and then write what you aim to put for each section, along with the sources you will analyze. Below are general research paper outlines examples that cover the general basis for all research papers:. That was the general outline, however, it is not the case for every type of research paper. For example, research paper outlines mla are different, and as follows:.

Home Help Research paper structure Finding examples Research paper types Academic paper formats About Recent Posts Clever suggestions 6 hours ago 34 Writing ideas 9 hours ago 27 Chicago formatting Yesterday Getting assistance There are many ways you can go if you need help with research paper writing. Read more Reading articles and books on different subjects will broaden your outlook, so you'll always be ready to compose an excellent paper on any topic or even get an editing job. These outlines are about the most complex you would expect to need for a research paper, and if you choose this structure, you will use Roman numerals, capital letters, standard numbers, and lowercase letters for your levels.

The fourth-level subheadings should address supporting statements, citations, or ideas within each paragraph listed in the third-level sections. Use parallelism. Every heading and subheading should maintain a structure that is parallel to the other headings within its level. Parallelism also refers to parts of speech and tense. If a heading starts with a verb, then the other headings must also start with a verb. Moreover, that verb must also be in the same tense usually present tense.

Coordinate your information. The information provided by your first major heading should be equal in importance to the information offered in your second major heading. The same can be said of sentences in subheadings, as well. Your subheadings should elaborate on the points addressed in your major headings. Employ effective subordination. The information in your headings should be general and the subheadings should be more specific. For instance, if you were writing about memorable experiences from your childhood, "Memorable Childhood Experiences" would be the heading and the subheadings might look something like, "Vacation at 8 years old," "Favorite birthday party," and "Family trips to the park.

Practice division. Each major heading should be divided into two or more parts. In other words, you should have at least two subheadings for every major heading. There is no limit on subheadings, but once you start forming a dozen or so subheadings under a single heading, you might find your outline looking cluttered and messy. Identify the research problem. As you prepare to write your outline, you need to specifically identify the research problem you are trying to address. This will guide the entire formation of your outline and your paper.

A thesis statement is a single sentence that sums up the entire purpose or argument of your research paper. This thesis statement will usually be written above the outline itself or within the first "Introduction" heading of the outline. Your research problem can also help you figure out a title. Identify your main categories. You also need to figure out what main points you plan on covering. All of these main points will be listed in your introduction and listed as part or all of you major headings for the body part of your paper.

The main points are details that support or address your research paper. They should be very general in nature.

Writing a good research paper outline

Consider the order. Take a look at your research topic and determine the best possible order to deliver information. You might end up using a chronological arrangement or a spatial arrangement, but as a general rule, you will go from general ideas to specific ones. Chronological arrangements generally only work if you have a topic that has some chronological history to it.

For example, if you were researching the history of modern medicine, it would make sense that your paper and outline follow a chronological order. If your research topic does not have a history, though, you will probably end up using a spatial structure. For instance, if you are researching the effects of television and video games on the adolescent brain, you probably would not follow the chronology of the research. Instead, you might describe the different contemporary schools of thought on the issue or otherwise follow some other spatial arrangement of ideas.

Establish your major headings.